Nutmeg, or also called Pala in Indonesian, is a spice that grows on an evergreen tree with the scientific classification Myristica fragrans. Nutmeg is an Evergreen tree, which grows to a height of 60 feet. The tree yields Two Spices – the Dark Colored Nutmeg and the Bright Red Mace that covers it. The spice is derived from the seeds of the Myristica fragrans or fragrant nutmeg tree. It has an outstanding pungent fragrance and a warm taste. It is also slightly sweet. Nutmeg is the 2nd most traded commodity in the world. It is a native spice of Banda Islands in Indonesia and now is globally used. Nutmeg was a prized flavoring in European cuisine during medieval times, and it also featured widely in other traditional cuisines around the world. Today nutmeg is grown for culinary, medicinal, and industrial use. Nutmeg oil is one of the most important essential oil produced in Indonesia. It smells just like the spice used for seasonal dishes—warm, spicy, sweet, and woodsy.
Indonesia is the World's Largest Producer of High-Quality Nutmeg. Indonesia has close to 50% of the World market share. Indonesia produces almost 17 to 20 thousand tonnes of nutmeg per year. High-quality Nutmeg is a major export, an important spice of Indonesia. Indonesia supplies almost half of the world’s supply of Nutmeg. Indonesia is the world's top producer of nutmeg, making up about 50% of the world's production. In Indonesia, there are five provinces that have become production centers for nutmegs, with a cumulative contribution of 86.71 percent annually. The provinces are Aceh (25.46 percent per year), North Maluku (19.89 percent), North Sulawesi (14.79 percent), Maluku (14.65 percent), and West Papua (11.93 percent).
The Banda Islands consist of eleven small volcanic islands and are part of the larger Maluku Islands group. These islands were the only source of nutmeg and mace production until the mid-19th century. The Banda Islands in Maluku Province, Indonesia, are the earliest known nutmeg cultivation areas in the world. The islands are also known as Spice Islands. Farmers in these areas grow the crop in plantations. From the island of Banda, nutmeg was distributed by the colonizers to West Jawa. in general, cultivated nutmeg comes from the southern Maluku islands, especially Ambon and Banda, because it has great quality.
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